Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2022 April, 256(4)

Editorial: Review Series in Disaster Medicine

Effective Risk Communications through Personalized Consultations with Pregnant Women and Parents by Radiologic Technologists after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster

Sachiko Yashima1,2 and Koichi Chida2,3

1Miyagi Cancer Society, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
2Division of Radiological Disasters and Medical Science, International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
3Department of Radiological Technology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai Miyagi, Japan

The Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami that occurred in March 2011 not only resulted in the loss of many human lives due to earthquakes and tsunamis, but also led to the occurrence of nuclear accidents involving the widespread diffuse release of radioactive materials at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). The nuclear accident created great apprehension among residents of the Fukushima Prefecture, where the FDNPP is located, and residents of Northeastern Japan outside of Fukushima, such as the south region of the Miyagi Prefecture, which is adjacent to the northern part of Fukushima Prefecture. The Miyagi Prefecture is located approximately 50 to 120 km from the FDNPP. In Miyagi before the nuclear accident, nuclear disaster drills including respondent to residents’ anxieties had been conducted at Onagawa Town, Ishinomaki City and prefectural office, and radiologic technologists had participated in the drills. In the face of the actual nuclear disaster, radiologic technologists carried out personalized consultation activities with the aim of eliminating anxiety among pregnant women and parents with infants at two local governments in the south region of Miyagi. After the activities, we conducted questionnaire survey on the activities, and were able to obtain evaluations and various opinions. This paper discusses regarding the efforts to personalized consultation and the results of questionnaire survey conducted by the radiologic technologists in the southern Miyagi following the FDNPP accident.

Keywords —— disaster medicine; Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident; nuclear and radiological disaster; radiologic technologist; risk communication


Tohoku J. Exp. Med 2022, 256, 259-269.

Correspondence: Sachiko Yashima, Miyagi Cancer Society, 3-1-5 Anyouji, Miyagino-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 983-0832, Japan.