Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2021 November, 255(3)

Diagnosis and Management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Patients with Presented with Abdominal Pain, Fever and Shortness of Breath in Pandemic

Mehmet Mustafa Altıntaş,1 Ayşegül Karadayı Büyüközsoy2 and Ömer Aydıner2

1Department of General Surgery, İstanbul Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Radiology, İstanbul Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

The aim of this study was to evaluate the admission chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) findings of patients who presented to the emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain, fever, and shortness of breath and who had RT- PCR-confirmed COVID-19 infection. Seventy-five patients with RT-PCR-confirmed (in laboratory) COVID-19 infection who underwent chest and abdominal CT were included in the study. The radiological scales [the COVID-19 Reporting and Data System (CO-RADS) and severity score] of the chest and abdominal findings were examined on CT images. Forty-one (54.7%) patients were male and 34 (45.3%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 63.03 (range 24-89) years. The most frequently calculated CO-RADS score was found to be 5 (n = 53, 70.7%). Bilateral (72.0%) and multibolar (74.7%) involvement, peripheral (72.0%) and posterior (60.0%) distribution, and ground-glass opacity (66.7%) pattern were the most common pulmonary findings. A positive correlation was observed between CO-RADS and total severty score (p < 0.001). All patients were hospitalized. One (1.3%) patient was surgically treated because of acute appendicitis. Nine (12.0%) patients were admitted to the intensive care unit. Six (8.0%) patients died in the intensive care unit. Patients presenting to the emergency department with both abdominal and respiratory complaints during the pandemic should be evaluated for COVID-19. Patients can be diagnosed early with the data collected from CT without waiting for the PCR result. Hospital staff can take the necessary protective measures against virus transmission early, minimizing the in-hospital transmission of the virus.

Keywords —— abdomen; chest; computed tomography; COVID-19; pandemic


Tohoku J. Exp. Med 2021, 255, 267-273.

Correspondence: Ayşegül Karadayı Büyüközsoy, İstanbul Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, Department of Radiology, D-100 South Side No: 47 Cevizli Location, Kartal, Istanbul 34865, Turkey.