Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2021 November, 255(3)

Comprehensive Analysis of Serum Metabolites Profiles in Acute Radiation Enteritis Rats by Untargeted Metabolomics

He Nie,1 Jiadong Pan,1 Fangmei An,1 Chuwei Zheng,1 Qinglin Zhang1 and Qiang Zhan1

1Department of Gastroenterology, Wuxi People’s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China

Acute radiation enteritis is a common complication occurring in patients with pelvic and abdominal tumors who receive radiotherapy. Acute radiation enteritis seriously reduces the life quality, even threatens the lives of patients. Untargeted metabolomics is an emerging strategy to explore the novel biomarkers and uncover potential pathogenesis of acute radiation enteritis. Acute radiation enteritis rat model was established by single abdominal irradiation with a gamma-ray dose of 10 Gy. Serum from 15 acute radiation enteritis rats and 10 controls was extracted for metabolomics analysis by UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Clinical manifestations and morphological alterations of intestine confirmed the successful establishment of acute radiation enteritis. According to the metabolomics data, 6,044 positive peaks and 4,241 negative peaks were extracted from each specimen. OPLS-DA analysis and the heat map for cluster analysis showed satisfactory discriminatory power between acute radiation enteritis rats and controls. Subsequent analysis extracted 66 significantly differentially expressed metabolites, which might be potential biomarkers for acute radiation enteritis diagnosis. Moreover, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses uncovered the potential mechanisms through which differentially expressed metabolites participated in acute radiation enteritis pathogenesis. To sum up, we summarized several differentially expressed serum metabolites as potential biomarkers for diagnosis of acute radiation enteritis and provide latent clues for elucidating acute radiation enteritis pathology.

Keywords —— acute radiation enteritis; animal model; biomarkers; metabolomics; pathogenesis


Tohoku J. Exp. Med 2021, 255, 257-265.

Correspondence: Qiang Zhan, M.D., Department of Gastroenterology, Wuxi People’s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, No. 299 Qing Yang Road, Wuxi 214023, China.