Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2021 September, 255(1)

Pretreatment with Ranitidine Bismuth Citrate May Improve Success Rates of Helicobacter pylori Eradication: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled and Open-Label Study

Jin Young Yoon,1 Min Seob Kwak,1 Jung Won Jeon1 and Jae Myung Cha1

1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gang Dong, Seoul, Korea

Effective Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication is a major public health concern; however, eradication failure rates with the standard triple therapy remain high. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness and tolerability of ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC) pretreatment before standard triple therapy for H. pylori eradication. A prospective, randomized, controlled, and open-label clinical trial was conducted from June to December 2019. H. pylori eradication rate, safety, and tolerability were compared between the standard treatment group (esomeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin for 7 days) and RBC pretreatment group (RBC for 2 weeks before standard triple therapy). This trial ended earlier than estimated owing to the N-nitrosodimethylamine concerns with ranitidine. Success rates of H. pylori eradication were 80.9% and 67.3% in the RBC pretreatment (n = 47) and standard treatment (n = 52) (p = 0.126) groups, respectively. Our trial was discontinued earlier than planned; however, a statistical significance would be achieved by expansion of our data (p = 0.031) if patient enrollment numbers reached those initially planned. Adverse event rates were comparable between groups (25.5% in the pretreatment group vs. 28.8% in the standard treatment group), without serious event. Tolerability was excellent in both groups, recorded as 97.9% and 100% in the pretreatment and standard treatment groups, respectively. Compared with the standard triple regimen, RBC pretreatment for 2 weeks may achieve higher H. pylori eradication rates, with excellent safety and tolerability. However, this study necessitates further validation as it was discontinued early owing to the N-nitrosodimethylamine issues of ranitidine.

Key words —— eradication rate; Helicobacter pylori; N-nitrosodimethylamine; ranitidine bismuth citrate; pretreatment

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Tohoku J. Exp. Med 2021, 255, 41-48.

Correspondence: Jae Myung Cha, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, 892 Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-gu, Seoul 05278, Republic of Korea.

e-mail: drcha@khu.ac.kr