Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2021 March, 253(3)

Editorial: Review Series in Disaster Medicine

Progress of Disaster Medicine during Ten Years after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

Shinichi Egawa1

1Executive Editor in Disaster Prevention Science, Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) has renewed the paradigm of disaster medicine. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (TJEM) widened its scope to include the disaster science from the health perspectives. TJEM has been accumulating 76 articles related with gdisasterh or gpandemich out of which 69 were published after 2011. Tohoku University established the International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS) that took initiative to impact the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) to include health aspect. Sendai Framework provided the platform for collaboration of different sectors, including the terminology that defines the concept of disaster, risk, hazard & exposure, vulnerability and coping capacity. Disaster medicine covers the diverse causes and damages of disasters by various hazards in this globalized and rapidly changing world. TJEM articles range the physical and mental health damage after the GEJE and other disasters with approved ethical consideration of investigations from the view point of affected area, mechanisms of hazard to affect human health including the radiation, virus or hazardous materials, proposal of refinement of health system to cope with disasters such as mental health support, risk communication, disaster medical coordination and hospital business continuity plan and future perspectives with reconstruction including Tohoku Medical Megabank Project. TJEM scope on disaster medicine had been widened during the 10 years after GEJE and IRIDeS can be the bridging hub not only between the health sector and other sectors, but also between disaster medicine and other medical disciplines.

Key words —— disaster medicine; Great East Japan Earthquake; health damage in disaster; Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction; transdisciplinary cooperation

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Tohoku J. Exp. Med 2021, 253, 159-170.

Correspondence: Shinichi Egawa, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.S., International Cooperation for Disaster Medicine Laboratory, International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University, Aramaki Aza-Aoba 468-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8572, Japan.

e-mail: egawas@surg.med.tohoku.ac.jp