In Vivo Studies on the de Novo Synthesis of Molecular Species of Rat Lung Lecithins
TAKAHARU MORIYA and HIDEO KANOH
The Third Department of Internal Medicine and The Fist Division, Department of Biochemistry, Sapporo Medical College, Sapporo
In vivo incorporation of intrafemorally injected [9,10-3H2]-palmitic acid and [2-3H]-glycerol into molecular species of rat lung glycerolipids was studied in relatively early periods after injection (from 2 to 30 min). The pool size of 1,2-diacylglycerols was also determined in the tissue. When [9,10-3H2]-palmitic acid was injected, approximately 60% of the radioactivity was distributed in 1,2-disaturated species of phosphatidic acids and 1,2-diacylglycerols in 2 min, and this labeling pattern was reflected on the synthesis of lecithin species, although the calculated turnover of molecular species of lecithins and the results obtained with [2-3H]-glycerol injection suggested that the pathway of synthesis de novo could not be regarded as being fully responsible for the formation of dipalmitoyl lecithin in rat lung. Analysis of the distribution of radioactivity in the 1- and 2-positions of the formed glycerolipids after administration of [9,10-3H2]-palmitic acid showed that approximately 75% of the incorporated radioactivity was located in the 2- position of dipalmitoyl lecithin during the present experimental periods, while the ratio of the distribution was almost 1:1 in disaturated species of 1,2-diacylgly-cerols. This phenomenon could reasonably explain the discrepancy observed between the experimental results with [9,10-3H2]-plamitic acid and [2-3H]-glycerol, suggesting that there exists other unknown mechanism than de novo synthesis to introduce palmitic acid of a higher specific radioactivity to the 2-position of dipalmitoyl lecithin.
Key words 1,2-diacylglycerols; dipalmitoyl lecithin
Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 1974, 112, 241-256