Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2018 November, 246(3)

Reasons for Drinking among College Students in Japan: A Cross-Sectional Study

KYOKO KAWAIDA,1 HISASHI YOSHIMOTO,2,3 RYOHEI GOTO,4 GO SAITO,5 YASUKAZU OGAI,6 NOBUAKI MORITA,6 TAMAKI SAITO6 and SATOMI TAKAHASHI7

1Graduate School of Social Psychiatry and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
2Department of Family Medicine, General Practice and Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
3Kitaibaraki Center for Family Medicine, Kitaibaraki, Ibaraki, Japan
4Department of Primary Care and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
5Primary Care and Medical Education, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
6Department of Social Psychiatry and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
7Faculty of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan

Binge drinking by college students is a problematic behavior. However, data on binge drinking and the reasons for drinking by college students in Japan are scarce. We explored the reasons for drinking among college students. The study used a cross-sectional design and a self-administered questionnaire. From December 2016 to March 2017, we sampled undergraduate and graduate students aged 20 or older at 35 colleges in the Kanto region of Japan. The questionnaire addressed 1) frequency of drinking alcohol, 2) amount of drinking per day, 3) frequency of binge drinking in the past year, and 4) reasons for drinking (with 12 possible responses). The t-test was used to compare the means between binge drinkers and non-binge drinkers. Logistic regression analysis was conducted on binge drinking and the reasons for drinking. The participants included 303 men and 260 women. Significant differences between men and women included the presence of binge drinking (men: 74.9%; women: 59.6%). Among male students, the statistically significant reasons given for binge drinking were “to feel happy or be in a good mood” and “to relieve stress,” whereas among female students, the reasons were “to feel happy or be in a good mood,” “to facilitate interpersonal relationships,” “to forget something bad,” and “to relieve stress.” The reasons for drinking associated with binge drinking were identified. It is important to incorporate these results into preventive education about binge drinking aimed at college students in Japan.

Key words —— alcohol education; binge drinking; college students; reasons for drinking; risk factors

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Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2018, 246, 183-189

Correspondence: Hisashi Yoshimoto, Department of Primary Care and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.

e-mail: hisashiyoshi@md.tsukuba.ac.jp